Health

Kidney Stones Diet – Foods you must include and avoid

Kidney Stones Diet

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Having kidney stones can be very discomforting on many levels like pain, medication, bleeding, and problem performing day to day activities. Many people suffer from this problem and have to take medication to cure it. Some might need surgery to remove it. But medicine and surgery are not the only methods of dealing with kidney stones. Diet can also play an essential role in getting rid of kidney stones.

Making lifestyle changes and eating the right food can help you get rid of kidney stones. Kidney stones are of different types, which means you need to follow a diet based on the type of kidney stone you have.

What are kidney stones?

Kidney stones are grain-like substance found in the kidneys. They are usually made of hardened minerals or uric acid deposits in the kidneys. While it can happen to anyone at any age, it is most commonly seen in men.

kidney stones
kidney stones

The stones usually form when there are too much waste and too little liquid. The stones cannot pass through the kidney, as the organ is designed to pass only the liquid waste. The kidney stones can stagnate the passageway, making it difficult to urinate. Slowly, the stone will result in the accumulation of other things like oxalate, cysteine, urate, calcium, phosphate, and xanthine.

Kidney stones can be classified into five types:

  • Calcium oxalate – It is the most common type of kidney stone, and it happens due to a lack of fluid intake required by the body.
  • Uric Acid – It happens when a personal consumes a lot of meat, shellfish, organ meat, and too much protein.
  • Struvite – These types of kidney stones form when there is an infection in the upper urinary tract.
  • Calcium phosphate – Metabolic disorder can result in this type of kidney stone.
  • Cystine – They are very rare and happen due to a family history of kidney stones.

Food List based on Type of Kidney Stones

Here are some foods you can include in your diet if you have kidney stones:

  1. Food for Calcium Oxalate Kidney Stone

For people suffering from this type of kidney stones, they need to avoid food that is high in oxalates, such as seeds, legumes, grains, chocolate, and tea. Avoid eating foods like peanuts, spinach, beets, Swiss chard, chocolate, and sweet potatoes. At the same time, you need to include food items that are rich in calcium like milk, yogurt, ice cream and cheese, and various other types of food.

  1. Food for Uric Acid Kidney Stones

Avoid eating food like red meat, beer/alcoholic beverages, meat-based gravies, sardines’ shellfish, and organ meat as they have a considerable quantity of purines, which leads to the production of more uric acid. The higher uric acid levels can lead to difficulty in getting rid of them my the kidney. Include vegetables and fruits in your diet. Additionally, limit the intake of high sugary food and drinks.

  1. Food for Struvite Stone

The first thing you need to do is avoid foods that are high in magnesium, fried foods, canned foods, foods that are low in calcium, packaged food, salty foods, sugary foods, and animal products.

Your diet must include foods like beans, vegetables, dark leafy greens, bran, and lots of fruits. You need to drink plenty of water every day. Go for fruits that are rich in Vitamin C. You can consume cranberry juice, watermelon seeds, rosemary, and agrimony herbs, and also take supplements like vitamin B6 and B1.

  1. Food for Calcium Phosphate Stones

Avoid foods that are packaged, or canned. Salty foods, fried and frozen food are also a big no-no. You also need to avoid chicken, pork, beef, fish, eggs, and dairy products like milk and cheese.

Foods that must eat are beans, soybean, lentils, and legumes. You can eat foods like peanuts, sunflower seeds, almonds, walnut, almond butter, peanut butter, pistachios, cashew, and cashew butter. Water is essential, so we must consume a lot of water. You can also drink fresh fruit juice.

  1. Food for Cystine Stones

If you have cystine stones, then avoid foods that contain Sodium Bicarbonate, baking powder, sodium alginate, MGM, and sodium nitrate. Avoid salty, fried, packaged and canned foods and frozen food as well.

Your diet must include foods like beans, grains, fresh veggies, bran, and fruits and drink plenty of water every day. You can also drink citrus juices, and vegetable smoothie as well. You can apply for Doctor Jobs to know about this field.

The Bottom-Line

These are some of the foods that you must include or avoid in your diet to treat various types of kidney stones. More importantly, you must consult your doctor first before you make any changes in your diet.

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